International tourism is becoming the world’s largest industry. Unfortunately, international tourism fosters conflict rather than understanding among individuals of various cultures.
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Globalization shrinks the planet and encourages people to move throughout the world. International tourism, which is becoming increasingly popular, is regarded as both necessary for improving mutual understanding between nations and damaging in that it causes cultural disputes.
Locals may acquire negative attitudes toward foreign tourism when they litter their land, destroy their cultural heritages, insult people, and integrate their long-established culture through alien lifestyles. Some Vietnamese, for example, are quite concerned about our tourist hotspot, Sapa, which is being increasingly urbanized and marketed for the tourism sector.
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To summarise, global tourism may only develop mutual understanding between individuals of various cultures if they are tolerant, open-minded, and well-behaved; otherwise, cultural disputes are probable.
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Compared to the past, there is an evident growth in foreign tourism, and travel is not as expensive as it once was. Therefore, tourism has become an efficient means of connecting diverse people and cultures, rather than a restricted number of unique events that cause friction.
What Are the Advantages of Tourism?
Lorenzo donned his striped tee and a silly hat. He had no intention of becoming a gondolier, but he needed the money. He wouldn’t be rowing starry-eyed visitors through the canals if he wasn’t be paying nicely. Jobs like Lorenzo’s aren’t the only advantages of tourism. Tourism generates a lot of jobs and economic cash, and it allows people to travel across the world. Without tourism, countries would be much less economically stable, and individuals would be much less cultured.
Countries with ongoing feuds or a history of bloodshed are frequently undesirable tourism destinations. On the contrary, just because a nation attracts many tourists does not make it superior to other countries. Countries with and without tourism have distinct cultures and customs, economies, and labor markets. Both countries have their particular places within their borders and their feeling of pride and identity. Tourism-dependent countries see a lot more international activity, which introduces new ideas and cultures into their country and helps it grow.
On the other hand, countries without tourists preserve their culture and delight in a shared identity. While tourism generates a significant amount of cash for governments, countries without tourism may also be affluent without the assistance of tourists. Tourism depends entirely on the nation itself and whether or not the country feels that it can advertise its land and attract visitors.
While tourism can raise environmental consciousness in places like national parks, it can also devastate the ecosystem. People are irresponsible and frequently do not pay attention to their surroundings, causing them to do killed unwittingly. It may also create devastation through pollution due to an increase in automobiles and people entering a nation. When many foreigners visit a place, it may frequently wash away the country’s identity and twist it into something far apart from the original. The government is continually catering to the wants of visitors through tourism, which indicates that the country is disregarding the native people to acquire the tourists’ money.
Native Americans usually lose sight of the fact that their nation is theirs and come to believe that they are. Tourism may potentially cause massive inflation as a result of all of the money spent by tourists. This inflation raises the prices of everyday items that native people require, making it more challenging to obtain what they need. Tourism, while providing many jobs, is also damaging because these occupations are often seasonal. Work is essentially nonexistent during the country’s tourism “off-season,” and people must wait for tourism to kick up again to find a job.
Tourism has a wide range of socioeconomic, economic, environmental, and marketing impacts. Each of these has a substantial influence on the tourist industry. These factors have several positive and negative tourism impacts. There are various positive outcomes between tourists and host communities regarding the sociological aspect of tourism.
One of the most gratifying elements of travel is the chance to interact with others, whether with the people we travel with (such as friends and family) or with the locals and new people we meet along the route. According to Goeldner and Ritchie,
Immersion in a new culture can often lead to misunderstandings between the tourist and the host community. For example, in certain cultures, shaking hands or looking someone in the eyes is considered impolite. Therefore if the tourist is uninformed of this and performs these things, they may inadvertently insult or disrespect the locals with whom they are engaging. Other issues might arise as a result of tourism.
Due to their unfamiliarity with the location, tourists to be targets for crime. During active tourism, crime rates may rise, causing problems for the host town and people by making the place appear unsafe. If people believe a location as hazardous, they are less inclined to visit there, resulting in lower revenue for businesses that rely on tourism. So tourism has an influence not just on people but also on society as a whole.